When I was young, my family always had guests for dinner. On any given day, there were maybe twelve to fifteen people at the dinner table. Dinner was a time of joyful sharing of food and stories. I thought we were quite wealthy, feeding so many people every night. Only when I was older, while talking to my mother about the good old days, did I find out that we were not rich at all. My mother told me that some days she only had three dollars to feed fifteen people. How could that be? I could not remember a day when there was not enough food! What my mother did with three dollars was a miracle in itself. If you asked her how she did it, she would tell you how she determined what to buy in what season and, more importantly, her techniques in bargaining. But I think there is more to this miracle than just knowing what to buy and how to bargain. Not only was everyone around the table filled every night; there were always leftovers. I believe the way we dealt with the leftovers at the dinner table is indicative of how this miracle of doing “more with less” was accomplished.
Toward the end of dinner, there was always something left on a plate in the middle of the table. Everyone would be staring at it, especially when it was a piece of meat, which was an occasional, special treat. But no one would make a move to take it. Then someone would say, “Why don’t you take it, Grandma? You are the oldest.” But my grandma would say, “No, I’ve been eating this stuff all my life. Give it to the little one. He’s the youngest and needs the nourishment to grow up to be big and strong.” As the youngest in the family all eyes were now on me. But I, who also learned this ritual, would say, “No, not me. I am completely full because I have the smallest stomach. Give it to my older brother. He has an examination at school tomorrow. He needs it so he can do well.” My oldest brother would say, “No, not me. Give it to my sister. She has a piano lesson tomorrow . . .” The ritual would go on around the table; each person would find an excuse not to take the leftover piece of food. While we offered it to each other, we also affirmed each other’s worthiness in the family. As a result, the piece of meat would sit in the middle of the table, destined to be left over, to be transformed into a new delicious dish the next day. The leftovers became a symbol of our appreciation of each other’s worth. This leftover piece of food became a sign of the abundance we shared – we can do more with less. (I first told this story of my childhood dinner table in my book: Inclusion.)
At the dinner table of my childhood, I learned a very important life lesson, which has become part of the spirituality I strive to live out. The lesson was very different from a more popular spirituality based on scarcity, which drives us to take and keep and to have more than the other. The spirituality I learned at my dinner table was a different twist on modernism’s credo: Less Is More (this credo is attributed to Ludwig Mies van der Rohe). By insisting on having less than the other, we learn to appreciate more of each other’s worth. Furthermore, I learned from my mother the new credo of the “sustainist”: Do More with Less (this one is attributed to R. Buckminister Fuller). The dynamics of passing the “leftover” around generating a spirit of appreciation and affirmation did so much more than fighting over the last piece of meat, as a fear-of-scarcity-minded group would do.
Now I have used the word “sustainist” which is the name for this blog; let me explain where this comes from. I have been searching for words and language to describe the approaches I use in my work for community transformation for quite some time now. For those readers who have read my books and participated in my workshops, you know that all the models and processes I created are cyclical in nature. These cyclical visions were applied to change processes, distribution of power and resources, and everyday interaction among people of different backgrounds.
I was browsing in the bookstore of the Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago and picked up a book titled: Sustainism is the New Modernism by Michiel Schwarz and Joost Elffers. I found myself concurring with almost everything in this book – very unusual. What’s more, I wanted to contribute to the conversation from an interculturalist and spiritual perspective. I was particularly inspired by the new language the authors/graphic artists used to describe this movement. One of the definitions they used to describe “Sustainism” is that it is:
A way of looking, a collective worldview that stresses the interdependence among cultural and natural environments, local and global realities, and material and immaterial bases for sustainable human development, in a networked world.
In another part of the book, they wrote: “Sustainist processes are cyclical: recurrent, reusable, rcyclable.” I would also add renewable, re-sourceful, reciprocal, regenerative, re-circulatory, and rejuvenating. I found myself overflowing with ideas for developing sustainable communities and wanting to find a forum to share them, hence, the creation of this blog. My goal is to share a sustainist idea or concept once a week for a whole year. These ideas will be practical and usable for local communities.
Here is an exercise you can do with any group in your communities to demonstrate how doing “more with less” might work.
Size of group:
- Divide the notecards into 4 piles of 25 cards.
- Give four participants 25 cards each. Explain that each card represents a kind of currency. They could be money, time, talent, relationship, etc.
- Project or post in large print on the wall, the following quote:
It is better to have less than the other.
- Explain the rule of this simulation as follow:
- The four participants who have the cards are rich with resources. If we live the spirituality of scarcity, most of us would want to keep what we have. In that case, nothing will happen – no movement, no flow of currencies. The 4 resource rich persons might decide to trade with each other but there will be no engagement with those who have nothing.
- What if the new rule for this community is: It is better to have less than the other? What would happen? Can you imagine that? For the 4 of you who have, as you encounter another who has none, what would you do with this new spirituality? The one with 25 cards would give at least 13 cards away to another participant who has none. Let’s try that. Now if everyone in this community is committed to live out this new spirituality, what will happen?
- Give the group time to experience this. Observe what happens. The cards will be distributed to everyone in the room. Those who gave away their cards initially will eventually and very quickly get some cards back. The process will evolve into an endless dynamic of giving and receiving. This is what doing more with less looks like.
- After some time, stop the simulation and invite participants to complete the sentences:
- I noticed . . .
- I wonder . . .
- After participants have shared what they noticed and wondered about, engage them in a conversation relevant to your community. For example, for churches, engage the group in a conversation about stewardship. For not-for-profit organizations, engage the group in a discussion on fund-raising and financial sustainability. Invite participants to imagine the cards in this exercise as other kinds of currency other than money such as time, talent, relationship, leadership, etc. What does this exercise teach us about sustainability?